Mini dental implants are one of the best methods of denture stabilization. Made from a special titanium alloy, dental implants have the role to secure various dental prostheses such as crowns and dentures. While the diameter of standard implants may vary between 4mm and 5mm (in exceptional cases, they can measure 3mm), mini implants have less than 3mm in diameter.
Mini dental implants offer a series of advantages worth taking into consideration by anyone needing dental prosthetic solutions. First of all, their price is about half the price of regular implants. This makes them more affordable to a wider range of patients. As they are smaller in size than regular implants, they are also considered less invasive. In most situations, these implants can be inserted directly into the jawbone, without the need for cutting an incision in the gum. The procedure requires nothing more than the use of a local anesthetic injected directly in the gum.
The other great advantage of mini dental implants is that they can accept prostheses immediately after getting inserted into the bone. On the contrary, regular implants require about three to six months healing time before the implant integrates with the bone tissue, and the dentist can proceed to fitting the dentures. In case of mini implants, the fitting of the dentures takes place immediately after the implant has been inserted. They can be used as replacement for one tooth or for or multiple missing teeth.
There’s one special bone in the human body, known as the alveolar bone. This bone can be found only in the mouth, and its function is to hold the teeth in place. In case of missing teeth, the bone melts away, the process being known as bone resorption. When the patient has extensive bone loss, standard implants aren’t a good solution, as the integration may not occur as expected. In some of these situations, the patient may need an additional bone graft procedure. Luckily, mini implants don’t require anything like this. As they are small, they require less bone in order to work.
A minor drawback of mini implants is the danger of peri-implantitis. This is a gum disease that occurs around the implant, and is caused by poor oral hygiene. In order to prevent it, patients need to take proper care of their mouth by brushing their teeth twice a day. Dentures need to be cleaned with adequate denture cleaners. In addition, they have to be replaced every ten years or so, and realigned from time to time. Heavy drinking and smoking can increase the risk of failure of the mini implants.
Mini dental implants have changed the medical world, enabling millions of people to enjoy eating as if they still had all their natural teeth. If you think about getting some mini dental implants yourself, you should discuss this with your dentist. As not all people qualify for this type of procedure, you should seek for advice from a professional prior to making any plans. Furthermore, the dentist will assess your oral health situation, and will recommend you the treatments that would suit you best.